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People's Liberation Army-armed forces of the PR China

Peoples Liberation Army armed forces of the PR China chinese military Military of China Chinese armed forces

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#1 ForumVojnik


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Posted 14 February 2014 - 11:46 AM

The People's Liberation Army is oficial name for armed forces f the People Republic China,The PLA was established on August 1, 1927, and in its early days it had only land forces.

PLA consists of four branches:the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy, the People's Liberation Army Air Force and the Second Artillery Corps. It is the world's largest military force, with a strength of approximately 2,285,000 personnel.

The PLA is under the command of the Central Military Commission of the Comunist party of China; identical commission exist in the government, but it has no clear independent functions. The Ministry of National Defense, which operates under the State Council, is far less powerful than the Central Military Commission.

Through the General Staff Headquarters, the General Political Department, the General Logistics Department and the General Armaments Department, the CMC exercises operational command over the whole PLA and leadership for the development of the PLA.

Through the General Staff Headquarters, the General Political Department, the General Logistics Department and the General Armaments Department, the Central Military Comision exercises operational command over the whole PLA .


PLA Elblem

People's Liberation Army Flag

  • Air Force 

  • 470,000 airmen

  •  2,556 jet fighters

  • 400 ground attack jets
    Commander: XU Qiliang
    Political Commissar: DENG Changyou


  • PLA Air Force Flag


  • Ground Force (Army) 1.9 million men

  • 14,000 tanks

  • 14,500 artillery pieces

  • 453 helicopters)


  • PLA Army Flag


  • Navy

  • 250,000 sailors

  • 63 submarines

  • 18 destroyers

  • 35 frigates
    Commander: General WU Shengli
    Political Commissar: General HU Yanlin

  • PLA Navy Flag


  • Second Artillery Force (Stragetic Missile Force)
    Commander: General JING Zhiyuan
    Political Commissar: PENG Xiaofeng


  • People's Armed Police
    Commander: General WANG Jianping
    Political Commissar: YU Linxiang


After the founding of the PRC, the PLA started to play a very important role in China's foreign policy and has been an active participant in number of conflicts. The Army fought against American troops in Korea in 1950-1953 and also against India in 1963, it clashed with former ally the Soviet Union along the shared Northeastern border in 1969, battled with South-Vietnamese troops in the South China Sea in 1974, marched against Vietnam in 1979, and came into conflict with a number of countries over the Spratly Islands since the mid-1980s. The PLA supported North-Vietnam during the Vietnam War, and deployed advisers and troops against American forces in Southeast Asia.



#2 ForumVojnik


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Posted 14 February 2014 - 11:50 AM

China Military Spending Threatens U.S. Superiority

2014-02-12 ??? China???s increased defense spending coupled with shrinking U.S. budgets threatens to end U.S. military superiority, a top American procurement official said.

???We???ve relied on technological superiority for decades now as one of the fundamental things that sets our military apart and I do see that that???s not assured given the investments being made by China as well as by other powers,??? Frank Kendall, under secretary of defense for acquisition, technology and logistics, told reporters in Singapore today.

China has been matching its growing economic might by expanding its military muscle as its asserts itself more aggressively in the Asia region. Defense spending reached $240 billion last year, about twice the officially declared budget, the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency said this week. In contrast, efforts to trim the U.S. budget deficit has forced the adoption of mandatory cuts in military spending known as sequestration.

???I can say that we do not find the sequestration levels to be what we need to defend the country and implement our strategy,??? Kendall said.

Planned cuts to research and development pose the biggest threat to U.S. military readiness, Kendall said. If there are more funds available in the future, the U.S. can buy more equipment or do more training, but ???we can???t buy back the time it takes us to develop new systems, so I???m particularly concerned about that now,??? he said.



Source:  http://www.china-def...uperiority.html

#3 ForumVojnik


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Posted 14 February 2014 - 10:33 PM

Chinese Military Development: not only Numbers

2013-03-12 (by Andrew S.Erickson and Adam P. Liff) ??? While reports warn of China???s rising military budget and lack of transparency, numbers and hyped headlines often cloud the bigger picture. Given China???s rapid rise in all aspects of national power, as well as its reluctance to release specific details about many important aspects of its military spending, its annual budget announcement rightly attracts worldwide attention. Last week, China revealed its projected 2013 official defense budget: 720.2 billion yuan (roughly $US114 billion), a figure that continues a trend of nominal double-digit spending since 1989 (the lone exception: 2010).

Although China???s limited transparency about specific defense budget line items matters, it shouldn???t distract observers from seeing the bigger picture concerning China???s military development:

The People???s Liberation Army (PLA) increasingly has the resources, capabilities, and confidence to attempt to assert China???s interests on its contested periphery, particularly in the Near Seas (Yellow, East, and South China Seas). This development has the potential to seriously challenge the interests of the U.S., its allies, and other partners in the region, as well as access to and security of a vital portion of the global commons???waters and airspace that all nations rely on for prosperity, yet which none own. That???s why the PLA???s development matters so much to a Washington located halfway around the world.

Yet beyond China???s immediate periphery the actual impact of PLA spending growth overall may be far less impressive than the headline numbers suggest. The PLA would need far greater resources and capabilities to pursue high-intensity combat capabilities much further away from China???s borders and the territory it claims. At least at present, Beijing is not prioritizing such capabilities. There???s no need to wait for China to achieve full transparency to see this; manifest trends, properly interpreted, speak for themselves. Meanwhile, the development of lower-end capabilities useful for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, as well as protection of sea lanes against non-state actors, bode well for the PLA???s growing role in cooperative security. Hence, even as the Near Seas become more contested, there is significant potential to build on nascent developments in more distant waters???where Beijing has no claims???and further cooperation among China, the U.S., and other nations.


These are the key characteristics of China???s military development. Properly understood, they can inform constructive responses in a challenging time. Misunderstood and conflated, they can confuse and inflame.

A case in point is commentary about China???s defense budget, a very important issue about which Chinese and foreign media coverage often produces more heat than light. On the one hand, Chinese media reports tend to summarily dismiss reasonable foreign (and some domestic) concerns about the limited transparency of China???s defense spending and rapid military development, failing to recognize the destabilizing effects that such opacity engenders unnecessarily, the potential threat that China???s increasingly capable military poses to its neighbors, and the fact that these neighbors have legitimate rights and interests of their own. Especially in the case of China???s official mouthpieces, there is severely limited room for alternative views or expressions of concern about recent developments and their external consequences; criticisms are routinely dismissed as allegedly insincere machinations of anti-China elements aimed at hyping a ???China threat theory??? for ulterior motives.

Conversely, foreign commentary on China???s defense spending sometimes presents an incomplete picture of reality, exaggerating some factors while overlooking others entirely and frequently missing the forest for the trees???and often some fairly non-representative trees at that. In particular, some commentators conflate rapid development of high-intensity military capabilities aimed primarily at enforcing longstanding irredentist territorial claims in the Near Seas with slower, lower-intensity( but still very expensive) development of platforms primarily useful in low-intensity missions far beyond China???s shores. Other critics employ inflammatory language that distracts and detracts.

Given all this noise, it???s important that in-depth research on China???s defense spending and military development enters into the policy discussion. Our forthcoming article in the peer-reviewed journal The China Quarterly draws on several years of intensive research based on over 100 discrete Chinese-language sources, including various government and military publications, to explore related questions. The analysis below further synthesizes and supplements several of the key findings from this research.


For rest of the article visit: http://www.china-def...-numbers.html/2

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